Saturday, 14 November 2015

Age and Sex Profile of Tuberculosis cases and its association with treatment outcome

Abstract Tuberculosis affected mankind for over 5000 yrs and continue to be a major public health problem. So to generate hypothesis about tuberculosis this study was conducted to study the profile of tuberculosis cases attending at DTC Jaipur. A record based cross-sectional study of tuberculosis patients attended at District Tuberculosis Centre, Jaipur were taken. Chi-square test was used to find out association. It was found in this study that Cure Rate significantly varied with type of case, age and sex of case. It was observed highest in cat.III and below 20 yrs of age. Defaulters were max. in Relapse retreated cases and in elderly (>60 yrs.) cases whereas it was not affected significantly with age . Failure Rate was highest in category I cases and significantly varied with age and sex. About 3/4th of total deaths were observed in Failure and Relapse retreated cases. Case Fatality Rate (CFR) showed not significant variation with sex. So it can be concluded with this study that maximally affected age group with tuberculosis is either children or 40-60 years with male predominance. Category III cases are more easier to cured and Category II cases are most difficult to cured. Cure rate was lesser in 40-60 years of age group and males. Defaulters and CFR were more in category II, 40-60 year of age group and males. And Failure Rate was more in category I, 40-60 year of age group and males

Key wordsDTC, Category, Cured Rate, Defaulters, Relapse, failure, CFR

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