Saturday, 14 November 2015

Epidemiological Study of Road Accident Cases Admitted in A Tertiary Care Hospital Bangalore, India

Abstract— National Crime Records Beuro (NCRB) reports that more than 135,000 traffic collision-related deaths occur in India every year, which is highest in world. So this study was conducted aimed to study the epidemiology of accidentaly injured cases. So it may help in suggesting some clues about such a high prevalence of death due to road accidents in India. A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out on 199 accidental injured cases admitted in Apollo Hospital Bangalore India. General information regarding socio-demographic data and variables related to accidents were recorded. These data collected were analyzed and inferred with Chi-square test of significance. It was found out that maximum (51.26%) accidental injured admitted cases 20-40 years of age group with male predominance (M:F=3.26). Majority of accidents occurred in night and peak office hours. Majority of victims were two wheeler users and hitting vehicle was bus in majority of cases. Speed of vehicle, alcohol consumption and not using safty devices increases the accidents. So much more precaution to be taken at peak hours and sensitization about traffic rules should be taken care of.

Key words: Rode Traffic Accidents, Accident Victims, Accidental Injured Cases

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