Saturday, 14 November 2015

Health Status of Geriatric Population of a Metropolitan City with their inclination towards Indigenous Medicine System

Abstract: Geriatric population is increasing as life expectancy is increasing. This population is susceptible for many health problems which have a significant impact on their quality of life. So this cross-sectional study was carried out from September 2009 to August 2010 on 1620 elderly residing in Municipal corporation area of Jaipur city with the aim to study the health status of geriatric population and their inclination towards Indigenous medicine system. Study population consist of 1620 elderly with M:F ratio 0.95. Mean age of elderly was 66.08 years with slight female predominance i.e. 1048 females for 1000 males in Jaipur city. Only 285 (17.59%) elderly who were not having and type of morbidity otherwise a sizable count i.e. 573 (35.36%) were having even 4 or more type of co morbidity. Commonest reported morbidity in present study was Psychiatric morbidity (54.32%) followed by Musculo-Skeletal problems, Cataract, Hypertension, Dental problems etc. About one third were having 2 or more episodes of acute illness episodes in last month. Although 805 (49.69%) were not having any limiting condition in last one year but 382 (23.58%) were hospitalized, 171 (10.56%) got some domestic accidents, 139 (8.59%) had some surgery and 123 (7.59%) had fractures in last one year. It was also found that 53.08% of elderly were able to perform their daily activity without difficulty and only 5.3% of elderly required help for daily activity. In daily activity of life of these elderly face highest difficulty in ADL /required help in use of stair followed by mobility, bowel/bladder activity and nails manicure. Majority (1349 i.e. 82.77%) of elderly followed Allopathy but others were following other type of Indigenous system of medicine. Among males were next to majority were following Homeopathy whereas in females Ayurveda. Among Ayurveda followers females predominate over males (10.49% v/s 7.33%).

Key words- Health Status, Elderly, Geriatric, Metropolitan City, Urban Area.

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