Saturday, 14 November 2015

Maternal factors of anemia in 3rd trimester of Pregnancy and its association with fetal outcome

Abstract—This study was aimed to find out the maternal factors and fetal outcomes associated with anemia in 3rd Trimester pregnancy. A hospital based cross sectional descriptive type of observational study was carried out in 15 to 49 years who had undergone delivery at SP Medical College Bikaner. Information about the demographic profile, ANC factors and foetal outcome data were collected. To find out associating factors appropriate test of significances were used. The magnitude of anemia 91.3% (995/1090) was found high in third trimester of pregnancy. Caste, dietary – habit, Education, Occupation, Socio-economic status, ANC Visit, Iron and folic acid supplementation were associated (P<0.05) with anemia whereas maternal-age (year) Residence Religion Number of Children Type of family Inter-Pregnancy Interval (Months) were not associated (P>0.05) with anemia. Although IUGR, premature births and still births were observed respectively 2.56 times (95% CI: 0.615 to 10.697 ), 1.3 times (95% CI: 0.723 to 2.351 ) and 0.651 times (95% CI: 0.286 to 1.481 ) in anemic mothers but it was not found significant with anemia status. But significantly more (35.5%) low-birth weight babies were born to anemic mothers as compared to ( 14.7% )among non- anemic mothers i.e. 3.181 times (Odds ratio) higher LBW babies in anemic mothers. Anemia in pregnancy may be reduce by proper Iron and folic acid supplementation which can be improved through IEC and providing proper ANC services.

Keywords Pregnancy Related Anemia (3rd Trimester), Maternal Factors, Fetal Outcome.

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