Saturday, 14 November 2015

Seasonal variation in Non Neonatal Tetanus: 7 years Retrospective Record based Study

Abstract—Non-neonatal tetanus (NNT) is a public health problem because of inadequate immunization and awareness in population. But it is not given due weightage so there is scarcity of studies regarding NNT. This present retrospective study was conducted in Isolation ward of SMS Medical Hospital, Jaipur weith the aim to study the seasonal variation of NNT if exist. A record based cross-sectional study of tetanus patients admitted since 1st Jan 2004 to 31st Dec 2010 in isolation ward of SMS Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan. Seasonal variation of admitted tetanus patients and its association on outcome of patients was analysed. It was found that post monsoon season has significantly higher number of cases admitted in each year of 7 years of study period so it may be associated with occurrence of tetanus which needs further exploration through studies. Although minimum cases were admitted in winter but CFR of tetanus was observed significantly higher in winter season.

Key words- Non-Neonatal Tetanus (NNT), Seasonal Trend, Case Fatality Rate

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